This study focused on examining the treatment effect associated with two 12-sessioninterventions (child-centered play therapy and nature-based child-centered play therapy) among early elementary schoolchildren (N8) who had an attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder diagnosis. Children were randomly assigned to one of the treatment groups or the wait list group. We found that the child-centered play therapy intervention ranged from debatable (n1) to effective (n2) and the nature-based child-centered play therapy intervention ranged from debatable (n1) to very effective (n1), with one participant also scoring in the effective range for improving on-task behavior. In comparison, the wait list group participants had a large fluctuation in scores, with the analysis revealing that non involvement in treatment was ineffective for improving on-task behavior.
Examine the effectiveness of play therapy interventions for children with an Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) diagnosis.
Define ADHD and its prevalence among children.
Explore the implications of using play therapy interventions with children with ADHD.